Official BREXIT Date – 29th March 2019
|Date:||March 29, 2019|
Written & Published by BBC News [Read Full Article..]
Brexit: All you need to know about the UK leaving the EU
Here is an easy-to-understand guide to Brexit – beginning with the basics, then a look at the negotiations, followed by a selection of answers to questions we’ve been sent.
What’s happening now?
The UK has voted to leave the European Union. It is scheduled to depart at 11pm UK time on Friday 29 March, 2019. The UK and EU have provisionally agreed on the three “divorce” issues of how much the UK owes the EU, what happens to the Northern Ireland border and what happens to UK citizens living elsewhere in the EU and EU citizens living in the UK. Talks are now focusing on the detail of those issues and on future relations – after agreement was reached on a 21-month “transition” period to smooth the way to post-Brexit relations. The UK cabinet has just agreed how it sees those future relations working and will now be seeing if the EU agrees.
What is the ‘transition’ period?
It refers to a period of time after 29 March, 2019, to 31 December, 2020, to get everything in place and allow businesses and others to prepare for the moment when the new post-Brexit rules between the UK and the EU begin. It also allows more time for the details of the new relationship to be fully hammered out. Free movement will continue during the transition period, as the EU wanted. The UK will be able to strike its own trade deals – although they won’t be able to come into force until 1 January 2021.
- Further reading: UK and EU agree transition deal terms
- Quick guide: Where we are with Brexit – in 300 words
- In a lot of depth: The 129-page draft withdrawal agreement
Do we know how things will work in the long-term?
No. Negotiations about future relations between the UK and the EU are taking place now. Both sides hope they can agree within six months on the outline of future relations on things like trade, travel and security. If all goes to plan this deal could then be given the go ahead by both sides in time for 29 March 2019. Theresa May delivered a big speech setting out her thoughts on the UK and EU’s future relations on 2 March, 2018.
- Theresa May’s speech setting out longterm plan
- May secures cabinet backing for Brexit plan
- EU adopts guidelines for next Brexit phase
Key dates at-a-glance
- 18 October 2018: The key EU summit. Both sides hope to agree outline of future relations to allow time for UK parliament and EU members to ratify deal by Brexit day
- 13 December 2018: EU summit. If deal not done by October, this is the fall back option if the two sides still want to reach agreement
- Commons and Lords vote on withdrawal treaty – MPs could reject the deal but it’s not clear what would happen if that is the case
- The UK Parliament also needs to pass an implementation bill before Brexit day
- 29 March 2019: As things stand, deal or no deal, Brexit is due to happen at 11pm UK time
- 31 December 2020: If all goes to plan a transition period will then last until midnight on this date
So is Brexit definitely happening?
The UK government and the main UK opposition party both say Brexit will happen. There are some groups campaigning for Brexit to be halted, but the focus among the UK’s elected politicians has been on what relationship the UK has with the EU after Brexit, rather than whether Brexit will happen at all. Nothing is ever certain, but as things stand Britain is leaving the European Union. There is more detail on the possible hurdles further down this guide, but first let’s go back to the basics…
What does Brexit mean?
It is a word that is used as a shorthand way of saying the UK leaving the EU – merging the words Britain and exit to get Brexit, in the same way as a possible Greek exit from the euro was dubbed Grexit in the past. Further reading: The rise of the word Brexit
Why is Britain leaving the European Union?
A referendum – a vote in which everyone (or nearly everyone) of voting age can take part – was held on Thursday 23 June, 2016, to decide whether the UK should leave or remain in the European Union. Leave won by 51.9% to 48.1%. The referendum turnout was 71.8%, with more than 30 million people voting.